What is an Empanada?

An empanada is a stuffed bread or pastry.  The names comes from the Spanish and Portuguese verb empanar, meaning to wrap or coat in bread. 
The empanada may have it origin during Arabic occupation of the Iberian Peninsula.
Fillings may include tuna, sardines, chorizo, and pork loin pork loin if done in Galicia, Portugal and Spain.
However many other countries with Spanish influence have adopted the empanada including Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Cuban,  El Salvador and other South American countries and the Philipines. 
*The islands of Jamaica and Haiti also have versions of the empanada but tend to be fuller sized.  In Jamaica it is referred to as a patty. In Haiti the empanadas have a thicker crust called pate.